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We don’t always have a good idea what happens during the construction process of our homes. For this reason, a lot of home buyers ask a lot of questions such as: How long will the house take to build? What does the construction process involve? When can Ivisit the site?
If you find yourself asking the same questions, this article will help you understand the basic home construction process. Although this article only offers a brief overview, it will still help you get a general idea of how the construction process works. You can see lots of information on the Internet, but I will give you the best processing available.
Stage One: Pre-Construction
Before the home construction begins, the floor plans must first be developed, finalized, and then submitted to the municipal office for review to get a building permit. The building permit is needed for various construction work including electrical, sewer connection, septic system, plumbing, and home building. Additionally, the homebuilders will perform site tests to examine the soil, the capacity of the ground, water table, and environmental tests.
Stage Two: Foundation
After getting the necessary building permit and doing all the initial tests, the land of your house will be prepared. The topsoil will be removed and piled somewhere else to be used later on. Excavation is also done, along with the footings, which are concrete slabs to support the wall foundation, which are formed and poured. The wall foundations are also erected. This process may use concrete temporary wooden forms or preserved wood, or permanent insulated blocks. Weeping tiles are also installed so that the ground moisture will be drained away from the house. During this phase, the homebuilder may ask you to decide on flooring, cabinets, tiles, and many more.
Stage Three: Framing
This phase involves erecting a framing skeleton. The exterior sheeting is also applied or other framing technique can also be used. Frames are also constructed on the floor, one wall at a time and then lifted in place. The windows and doors are also installed during this stage.
During this process, the basement floor is also constructed and installed. Electrical and plumbing are roughed in, along with the heating, cooling, and ventilation. During this stage, the municipality will conduct a structural inspection to make sure that the house is built according to the building codes. Electrical and plumbing inspections will also be conducted.
Stage Four: Interior and exterior work
During the next stage, interior and interior work will be done at the same time; thus, proper scheduling must be observed. The insulation of the exterior walls is done, heating and cooling systems are installed, and vapor barrier will be applied. During this process, the walls and ceilings will also be painted, the flooring is laid, and the cabinets for the kitchen and bathroom are installed. These are just some of the work involved during this stage. Additionally, during this stage, the homebuilder will stay in contact with you to keep you updated on the construction progress.
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Should the average homeowner know anything about home building and construction? Ideally, the answer to this question should be no because it is expected that the contractor be the one to take care of everything. The problem is that there are a lot of things that calls for some awareness on the part of the homeowner, as far as knowledge about home construction is concerned.
One reason why a homeowner should know about home construction is so that they would know if they are really getting a good deal. How could they be aware if the contractor is cheating on the construction materials and methods if they know next to nothing about it?
Another good reason why a homeowner should know about home construction is so that he can be sure that his place would be able to withstand disasters which are becoming more frequent today. There are construction methods and materials that can make a home ready for anything.
Here are some of the basic things that you should know about home construction:
Configuration- You should consider the shape of your house in construction. A regular shape such as a square or even a rectangle can offer more strength when compared with an L-shaped building. So it is better to opt for a construction that’s regular in shape and don’t be too innovative when it comes to this. More details here: http://home.howstuffworks.com/home-improvement/construction/materials/10-rules-for-saving-money-on-construction.htm
Area- It is important that you check the area and its background for possible reasons why you might have to abandon the location later on. It would be a lot more costly if you have to do that after the house has been erected or the construction has already begun. Here are some things that you need to check:
- Proximity to rivers and lakes that might cause flooding in the area.
- The possibility of settlement of the ground due to being reclaimed.
- Presence of smoke and odor from industrial sources.
- The land depression of the area which will affect the laying of sewers and drains.
Geological Condition-You should check with the local authorities about the geological condition of the area where you are building houses. The ideal location should have a rocky base where the foundation could have a solid base.
Orientation- You should also consider the orientation of your building. This was an important thing for most of the world’s ancient civilizations, and they have traditions regarding this that have some practical application. Some oriental cultures, for example, opt to build with their homes facing east, which aside from being auspicious, would also bring in a flood of morning sunlight to the interior.
Bricks- If you are using red bricks for construction, they ought to be thoroughly soaked in water before each use. If the wall is going to be a long stretch then it would be a good idea to have an expansion joint after every 30 meters. Brick walls should also have strong reinforcements supporting them.
These are just some of the things that you ought to know when it comes to home construction. Of course, it would help a lot if you have the best contractor that you can get.